Product Description

High self-lubrication delrin inner gear POM plastic internal gear

Description:

POM (Full-name: Polyformaldehyde), is a engineering plastics of non-side-chain, high density, high crystalline and linear polymer, which is praised “Plastic Steel”, and has comprehensive excellent performances, such as: wear-resistance, high hardness, anti-impregnant, good rigidity (Tensile modulus of elasticity), chemical stability, isolation resistance and dimensional stability. POM has widely applied in Automobile industries, electronic and electric products, commodity, pipeline & fittings, exact apparatus and so on, which can be instead of the bronze, Zinc, tin and other metals.
 
Except POM-H, is often copolymerized with ethylene oxide together, in order to avoid the melting of POM material in the high temperature. POM-H has the better performances than POM-C in its high crystalline, mechanical strength and rigidity. And POM-C has the better performances than POM-H in its low melting point, temperature stability, fluxion characteristic and machining capability.
Father more, POM-H+PTFE, which is made from the Delrin POM Resin that maxed fiber symmetrically, has the low co-efficient of frication, good lubrication, wear-resistance, non-creepage resistance.

 

Data Sheet of POM 
 

Property Item No. Unit POM-C POM-H POM-H+PTFE
Mechanical Properties 1 Density g/cm3 1.41 1.43 1.50
2  Water absorption(23ºC in air) % 0.20 0.20 0.17
3 Tensile strength MPa 68 78 55
4 Tensile strain at break % 35 35 10
5 Compressive stress(at 2%nominal strain) MPa 35 40 37
6 Charpy impact strength (unnotched) KJ/m2 ≥150 ≥200 ≥30
7  Charpy impact strength (notched) KJ/m2 7 10 3
8 Tensile modulus of elasticity MPa 3100 3600 3200
9 Ball indentation hardness N/mm2 140 160 140
  10 Rockwell hardness M84 M88 M84

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Application: Motor, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Marine, Toy, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Domestic Appliances
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: Internal Gear
Manufacturing Method: Cut Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: Spur Gear
Material: POM/Delrin
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

plastic gear

Can plastic gears withstand high torque and load conditions?

Plastic gears have certain limitations when it comes to withstanding high torque and load conditions. Here’s a detailed explanation of their capabilities:

Plastic gears can be designed and manufactured to handle a range of torque and load conditions, but their performance is generally inferior to that of metal gears in high-stress applications. The specific capabilities of plastic gears depend on various factors, including the chosen plastic material, gear design, tooth profile, and operating conditions.

While plastic gears may not be suitable for extremely high torque or heavy-load applications, they can still provide reliable performance in many moderate-load scenarios. Plastic gears are commonly used in applications with light to moderate loads, where their unique properties and advantages outweigh their limitations.

Some plastic materials, such as acetal (POM) and polyamide (nylon), offer good strength and wear resistance, allowing them to handle moderate torque and load conditions. These materials can be reinforced with additives or fillers to enhance their mechanical properties and increase their load-bearing capacity.

It’s important to note that when designing with plastic gears, engineers must carefully consider factors such as gear size, tooth geometry, material selection, and operating conditions. Reinforcement techniques, such as using metal inserts or reinforcing fibers, may be employed to improve the strength and load-bearing capabilities of plastic gears in certain applications.

In high torque or heavy-load applications, metal gears, particularly those made from steel or other high-strength alloys, are generally preferred due to their superior strength and durability. Metal gears offer higher load capacities, better resistance to deformation, and increased resistance to wear under extreme conditions.

Ultimately, the suitability of plastic gears for high torque and load conditions depends on the specific requirements of the application and the trade-off between the benefits of plastic gears, such as weight reduction and noise reduction, and the higher load-bearing capabilities of metal gears.

It’s recommended to consult with gear manufacturers or mechanical engineers to determine the most appropriate gear material and design for a particular application, especially when high torque and load conditions are expected.

plastic gear

How do plastic gears handle lubrication and wear?

Plastic gears handle lubrication and wear differently compared to metal gears. Here’s a detailed explanation of their behavior:

1. Lubrication in Plastic Gears: Lubrication plays a crucial role in the performance and longevity of plastic gears. While metal gears often require continuous lubrication, plastic gears have different lubrication requirements due to their inherent properties. Here are some key considerations:

  • Self-Lubrication: Some plastic materials, such as certain formulations of polyoxymethylene (POM), have inherent self-lubricating properties. These materials have a low coefficient of friction and can operate with minimal lubrication or even dry. Self-lubricating plastic gears can be advantageous in applications where the use of external lubricants is impractical or undesirable.
  • Lubricant Compatibility: When external lubrication is necessary, it’s important to choose lubricants that are compatible with the specific plastic material used in the gears. Certain lubricants may degrade or adversely affect the mechanical properties of certain plastics. Consultation with lubricant manufacturers or experts can help identify suitable lubricants that won’t cause degradation or wear issues.
  • Reduced Lubricant Requirements: Plastic gears generally have lower friction coefficients compared to metal gears. This reduced friction results in lower heat generation and less wear, which in turn reduces the demand for lubrication. Plastic gears may require less frequent lubricant replenishment or lower lubricant volumes, reducing maintenance requirements.
  • Appropriate Lubricant Application: When applying lubricant to plastic gears, care should be taken to avoid excessive amounts that could lead to contamination or leakage. Lubricants should be applied in a controlled manner, ensuring they reach the critical contact points without excessive buildup or excess spreading beyond the gear surfaces.

2. Wear in Plastic Gears: Plastic gears exhibit different wear characteristics compared to metal gears. While metal gears typically experience gradual wear due to surface interactions, plastic gears may undergo different types of wear mechanisms, including:

  • Adhesive Wear: Adhesive wear can occur in plastic gears when high loads or speeds cause localized melting or deformation at the gear teeth contact points. This can result in material transfer between gear surfaces and increased wear. Proper material selection, gear design optimization, and lubrication can help minimize adhesive wear in plastic gears.
  • Abrasive Wear: Abrasive wear in plastic gears can be caused by the presence of abrasive particles or contaminants in the operating environment. These particles can act as abrasive agents, gradually wearing down the gear surfaces. Implementing effective filtration or sealing mechanisms, along with proper maintenance practices, can help reduce abrasive wear in plastic gears.
  • Fatigue Wear: Plastic materials can exhibit fatigue wear under cyclic loading conditions. Repeated stress and deformation cycles can lead to crack initiation and propagation, ultimately resulting in gear failure. Proper gear design, material selection, and avoiding excessive loads or stress concentrations can help mitigate fatigue wear in plastic gears.

3. Gear Material Selection: The choice of plastic material for gears can significantly impact their lubrication and wear characteristics. Different plastic materials have varying coefficients of friction, wear resistance, and compatibility with lubricants. It’s important to select materials that offer suitable lubrication and wear properties for the specific application requirements.

4. Operational Considerations: Proper operating conditions and practices can also contribute to the effective handling of lubrication and wear in plastic gears. Avoiding excessive loads, controlling operating temperatures within the material’s limits, implementing effective maintenance procedures, and monitoring gear performance are essential for ensuring optimal gear operation and minimizing wear.

In summary, plastic gears can handle lubrication and wear differently compared to metal gears. They may exhibit self-lubricating properties, reduced lubricant requirements, and require careful consideration of lubricant compatibility. Plastic gears can experience different types of wear, including adhesive wear, abrasive wear, and fatigue wear. Proper material selection, gear design, lubrication practices, and operational considerations are crucial for ensuring efficient lubrication and minimizing wear in plastic gears.

plastic gear

Are there different types of plastic materials used for making gears?

Yes, there are different types of plastic materials used for making gears. Here’s a detailed explanation of some commonly used plastic materials in gear manufacturing:

  • Acetal (Polyoxymethylene – POM): Acetal is a popular choice for gear applications due to its excellent strength, dimensional stability, low friction, and wear resistance. It has good machinability and can be easily molded into gears with precise tooth profiles. Acetal gears offer low noise operation and have good resistance to moisture and chemicals. They are commonly used in automotive, consumer electronics, and industrial applications.
  • Polyamide (Nylon): Polyamide or nylon is another widely used plastic material for gears. It offers good mechanical properties, including high strength, toughness, and impact resistance. Nylon gears have low friction characteristics, good wear resistance, and self-lubricating properties. They are commonly used in applications such as automotive components, power tools, and industrial machinery.
  • Polyethylene (PE): Polyethylene is a versatile plastic material that can be used for gear applications. It offers good chemical resistance, low friction, and excellent electrical insulation properties. While polyethylene gears may have lower strength compared to other plastic materials, they are suitable for low-load and low-speed applications, such as in light-duty machinery, toys, and household appliances.
  • Polypropylene (PP): Polypropylene is a lightweight and cost-effective plastic material that finds applications in gear manufacturing. It offers good chemical resistance, low friction, and low moisture absorption. Polypropylene gears are commonly used in various industries, including automotive, consumer electronics, and household appliances.
  • Polycarbonate (PC): Polycarbonate is a durable and impact-resistant plastic material used for gears that require high strength and toughness. It offers excellent dimensional stability, transparency, and good resistance to heat and chemicals. Polycarbonate gears are commonly used in applications such as automotive components, electrical equipment, and machinery.
  • Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS): Polyphenylene sulfide is a high-performance plastic material known for its excellent mechanical properties, including high strength, stiffness, and heat resistance. PPS gears offer low friction, good wear resistance, and dimensional stability. They are commonly used in demanding applications such as automotive transmissions, industrial machinery, and aerospace equipment.

These are just a few examples of the plastic materials used for making gears. The choice of plastic material depends on the specific requirements of the gear application, including load capacity, operating conditions, temperature range, chemical exposure, and cost considerations. It’s important to select a plastic material that offers the necessary combination of mechanical properties and performance characteristics for optimal gear performance.

China OEM High Self-Lubrication Delrin Inner Gear POM Plastic Internal Gear helical bevel gearChina OEM High Self-Lubrication Delrin Inner Gear POM Plastic Internal Gear helical bevel gear
editor by CX 2024-04-03

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