Product Description

Direct drive high speed CNC 5-axis gear hobbing machine for 0.5mm to 5mm module


1.Integrated chip conveyor design to save space

2.Process cylindrical, helical and small taper drum gears, which can easily realize 45 angle tooth profile processing.

3.High speed directly driven servo motor equips with B and C axis, increase machining precision and machining efficiency a lot

4.Main casting of machine bed and column are made of Mehana high-strength structure and equipped with rectangular large-surface plastic-coated lead rail.The structure is compact, dynamic and static.

5.Machine’s driven chain is short to ensure precision, which can reach Grade 6

6.Spindle adopts high-power servo motor, which can realize constant torque stepless speed change within the rated speed range.

Machine Parameter Description

Description   Parameter Unit
Processing capacity Coordinate Axis Number 5 axis
Processing gear type spur gear,helical gear, worm wheel, spline
Procision Mass Production Grade 7 (GB/T10095-2008)
Workpiece Maximal diameter 500 mm
Maximal cylindrical helical gear diameter 370 (Helix angle 30°)
250 (Helix angle 45°)
Minimum module 0.5 mm
Maximal module 5 mm
Maximal face width 350 mm
Teeth range ≥10 teeth
Tool Maximal rotating speed 1000 r/min
Maximal tool length 120 mm
Maximal hob diameter 120 mm
Tool arbor  diameter 22,27,32 mm
Tool procision accuracy ≤10 mm
Hob shifting Automatic  
Hob shifting travel 150 mm
Spindle Z-slid travel 500 mm
Hob head swivel  angle ±45 °
Turntable Z-slide travel 180 mm
Turntable diameter 150 mm
Turntable maximal rpm 240 r/min
Power Main motor power 15 KW
Total power 28.5 KW
Size&Weight Floor space 2200x2300x2800 mm
Machine weight 3000 kg

The photos of machine

Processing gear by this machine

Application: Gear Hobbing
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: External Gear
Manufacturing Method: Cut Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: Spur Gear
Material: Stainless Steel


Customized Request

spur gear

How do you calculate the efficiency of a spur gear?

Calculating the efficiency of a spur gear involves considering the power losses that occur during gear operation. Here’s a detailed explanation:

In a gear system, power is transmitted from the driving gear (input) to the driven gear (output). However, due to various factors such as friction, misalignment, and deformation, some power is lost as heat and other forms of energy. The efficiency of a spur gear represents the ratio of the output power to the input power, taking into account these power losses.

Formula for Calculating Gear Efficiency:

The efficiency (η) of a spur gear can be calculated using the following formula:

η = (Output Power / Input Power) × 100%


η is the efficiency of the gear system expressed as a percentage.

Output Power is the power delivered by the driven gear (output) in the gear system.

Input Power is the power supplied to the driving gear (input) in the gear system.

Factors Affecting Gear Efficiency:

The efficiency of a spur gear is influenced by several factors, including:

  • Tooth Profile: The tooth profile of the gear affects the efficiency. Well-designed gear teeth with accurate involute profiles can minimize friction and power losses during meshing.
  • Lubrication: Proper lubrication between the gear teeth reduces friction, wear, and heat generation, improving gear efficiency. Insufficient or inadequate lubrication can result in increased power losses and reduced efficiency.
  • Gear Material: The selection of gear material affects efficiency. Materials with low friction coefficients and good wear resistance can help minimize power losses. Higher-quality materials and specialized gear coatings can improve efficiency.
  • Gear Alignment and Meshing: Proper alignment and precise meshing of the gear teeth are essential for optimal efficiency. Misalignment or incorrect gear meshing can lead to increased friction, noise, and power losses.
  • Bearing Friction: The efficiency of a gear system is influenced by the friction in the bearings supporting the gear shafts. High-quality bearings with low friction characteristics can contribute to improved gear efficiency.
  • Load Distribution: Uneven load distribution across the gear teeth can result in localized power losses and reduced efficiency. Proper design and gear system configuration should ensure even load distribution.

Interpreting Gear Efficiency:

The calculated gear efficiency indicates the percentage of input power that is effectively transmitted to the output. For example, if a gear system has an efficiency of 90%, it means that 90% of the input power is converted into useful output power, while the remaining 10% is lost as various forms of power dissipation.

It’s important to note that gear efficiency is not constant and can vary with operating conditions, lubrication quality, gear wear, and other factors. The calculated efficiency serves as an estimate and can be influenced by specific system characteristics and design choices.

By considering the factors affecting gear efficiency and implementing proper design, lubrication, and maintenance practices, gear efficiency can be optimized to enhance overall gear system performance and minimize power losses.

spur gear

What is the purpose of using spur gears in machinery?

In machinery, spur gears serve several important purposes due to their unique characteristics and capabilities. Here’s a detailed explanation of the purpose of using spur gears in machinery:

  1. Power Transmission: Spur gears are primarily used for power transmission in machinery. They transfer rotational motion and torque from one shaft to another, allowing machinery to perform various tasks. By meshing the teeth of two or more spur gears together, power can be transmitted efficiently and reliably throughout the machinery.
  2. Speed Reduction or Increase: Spur gears enable speed reduction or increase in machinery. By combining gears with different numbers of teeth, the rotational speed can be adjusted to match the desired output speed. For example, using a larger gear driving a smaller gear can increase the speed output while reducing the torque, while the opposite arrangement can decrease the speed while increasing the torque.
  3. Torque Amplification: Spur gears can amplify torque in machinery. By using gears with different numbers of teeth, the torque can be adjusted to match the required output. For example, using a smaller gear driving a larger gear can increase the torque output while reducing the speed, while the opposite arrangement can decrease the torque while increasing the speed.
  4. Directional Control: Spur gears provide directional control in machinery. By meshing gears with opposite orientations, the rotational direction of the driven shaft can be reversed or changed. This directional control is crucial for machinery that requires bi-directional motion or needs to change the direction of operation.
  5. Mechanical Advantage: Spur gears offer a mechanical advantage in machinery. By utilizing gear ratios, spur gears can multiply or divide the force exerted on the input shaft. This mechanical advantage allows machinery to generate higher forces or achieve precise movements with reduced effort.
  6. Precision Positioning: Spur gears facilitate precise positioning in machinery. The accurate tooth engagement of spur gears ensures precise control over rotational motion, making them suitable for applications that require precise positioning or synchronization of components. Machinery such as CNC machines, robotics, and automation systems often rely on spur gears for accurate movement and positioning.
  7. Compact Design: Spur gears have a compact design, making them suitable for machinery with space constraints. They can be arranged in-line, parallel, or at right angles, allowing for efficient power transmission in tight spaces. Their compactness enables machinery to be designed with smaller footprints and optimized layouts.
  8. Reliability and Durability: Spur gears are known for their reliability and durability in machinery. The direct tooth engagement and uniform load distribution result in efficient power transmission with reduced wear and stress concentration. When properly lubricated and maintained, spur gears can withstand heavy loads and operate reliably over extended periods.
  9. Cost-Effectiveness: Spur gears are often cost-effective in machinery applications. Their simple design and ease of manufacturing contribute to lower production costs. Additionally, their high efficiency helps reduce energy consumption, resulting in potential long-term cost savings. The availability of spur gears in various sizes and materials further enhances their cost-effectiveness.

By utilizing spur gears in machinery, engineers and designers can achieve efficient power transmission, speed and torque control, directional versatility, mechanical advantage, precise positioning, compact design, reliability, durability, and cost-effectiveness. These advantages make spur gears a popular choice in a wide range of machinery applications across industries.

spur gear

How do spur gears contribute to power transmission?

Spur gears play a crucial role in power transmission due to their specific design and tooth engagement. Here’s a detailed explanation of how spur gears contribute to power transmission:

  1. Direct Tooth Engagement: Spur gears have straight teeth that mesh directly with each other. This direct tooth engagement ensures efficient transfer of power from one gear to another. As the driving gear rotates, its teeth come into contact with the teeth of the driven gear, enabling the transfer of rotational motion and torque.
  2. Uniform Load Distribution: The teeth of spur gears distribute the transmitted load evenly across the gear surfaces. The straight, parallel teeth provide a larger contact area compared to other gear types, resulting in improved load-carrying capacity and reduced stress concentration. This uniform load distribution helps prevent premature wear and failure of the gears, ensuring reliable power transmission.
  3. Efficiency: Spur gears are known for their high efficiency in power transmission. The direct tooth engagement and parallel shaft arrangement minimize energy losses during rotation. The teeth mesh smoothly, resulting in minimal friction and reduced power dissipation. This efficiency is beneficial in applications where maximizing power transfer and minimizing energy waste are crucial.
  4. Speed and Torque Conversion: Spur gears allow for speed and torque conversion between the driving and driven shafts. By using gears with different numbers of teeth, the rotational speed and torque can be adjusted to match the requirements of the application. For example, a small gear driving a larger gear will result in a higher torque output at a lower speed, while a larger gear driving a smaller gear will result in a higher speed output at a lower torque.
  5. Directional Control: The arrangement of spur gears can be used to control the rotational direction of the driven shaft relative to the driving shaft. By meshing gears with opposite orientations (e.g., one gear with clockwise teeth and another gear with counterclockwise teeth), the direction of rotation can be reversed. This directional control is essential in applications where the desired motion needs to be reversed or changed.
  6. Multiple Gear Configurations: Spur gears can be combined in various configurations to form gear trains, allowing for complex power transmission systems. Gear trains consist of multiple gears meshing together, with each gear contributing to the overall power transmission. Gear trains can alter speed, torque, and direction, providing flexibility in adapting power transmission to specific requirements.
  7. Compatibility with Other Components: Spur gears are compatible with a wide range of other mechanical components, such as shafts, bearings, and housings. This compatibility allows for easy integration into different systems and machinery. Spur gears can be mounted on shafts using keyways, set screws, or other mounting methods, ensuring secure and reliable power transmission.

Overall, spur gears are essential in power transmission systems due to their direct tooth engagement, uniform load distribution, high efficiency, speed and torque conversion capabilities, directional control, compatibility with other components, and the ability to form complex gear trains. These characteristics make spur gears a versatile and widely used choice for transmitting power in various applications across industries.

China best Vetical Gear Hobbing Machine Can Process Diameter 500mm and 5 Module Gear worm and wheel gearChina best Vetical Gear Hobbing Machine Can Process Diameter 500mm and 5 Module Gear worm and wheel gear
editor by CX 2023-10-12


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